Lekcja 25

Ścieżka dźwiękowa do lekcji, wciśnij przycisk z prawej. Lesson 25

syllable - sylaba

There are tree syllables in the word expensive: ex - pen - sive,

and two syllables in the word husband: hus - band.

How many syllables are there in the word expensive? There are three syllables in the word expensive.

How many syllables are there in the word husband? There are two syllables in the word husband.

We say "cheaper than", but not "expensiver than", because the adjective "cheap" has only one syllable,

whilst the adjective "expensive" has three syllables: ex - pen - sive.

For adjectives of one syllable like cheap, long, short, etc. we say

cheap, cheaper than, the cheapest

long, longer than, the longest

.. etc.

whilst for adjectives of three syllables like "expensive", and "beautiful", etc., we say

expensive, more expensive than, the most expensive

beautiful, more beautiful than, the most beautiful

Why do we say "cheaper than", but not "expensiver than" ? We say "cheaper than", but not "expensiver than", because

the adjective "cheap" has only one syllable, whilst the adjective "expensive" has three syllables.

above powyżej below poniżej

Where's my nose? Your nose's above your mouth.

Where's my chin? Your chin's below your mouth.

Where's the ceiling? The ceiling's above our heads.

Are my feet above the table? No, your feet aren't above the able, but they're below the table.

January Styczeń February Luty March Marzec April Kwiecień

May Maj June Czerwiec July Lipiec August Sierpień

September Wrzesień October Październik November Listopad December Grudzień

Tell me the names of the months of the year, please!

The names of the months of the year are: January, February, March, ...etc.

last ostatni next następny

What's this month? This month's April.

What was last month? Last month was March.

What will next month be? Next month will be May.

What will the month after next be? The month after next will be June.

What was the month before last? The month before last was February.

a.m. przed południem p.m. po południu midday południe

sometimes czasami, niekiedy Latin łaciński

Sometimes after the time, we put the letters a.m. or p.m.

a.m. means ante meridiem, from the Latin

whilst

p.m. means post meridiem, from the Latin too

a.m. means before midday (12 o'clock ) przed 12

whilst

p.m. means after midday po 12

What do the letters a.m. mean after the time?

The letters a.m. mean ante meridiem after the time.

What do the letters p.m. mean after the time?

The letters p.m. mean post meridiem after the time.

What's the difference between a.m and p.m.?

The difference beetwen a.m. and p.m. is that we use a.m. for the time before midday (12 o'clock),

and p.m. for the time after midday.

a lot of dużo, wiele both ... and zarówno ... jaki instead zamiast

Instead of "much" and "many", we can use "a lot of" both for things we can count and for things we cannot count.

Instead of saying "many books", we can say "a lot of books".

Instead of saying "much water", we can say "a lot of water".

What can we use instead of much and many?

We an use a lot of instead of much and many.

Are there a lot of people in a small village?

No, there aren't a lot of people in a small village, but there are few people in a small village.

Do the English drink a lot of coffee?

No, the English don't drink a lot of coffee, but they drink little coffee, and a lot of tea.

Do you like to see a room with a lot of flowers in it?

Yes, I like to see a room with a lot of flowers in it.

or

No, I don't like to see a room with a lot of flowers in it.

Do you put a lot of butter on your bread?

Yes, I put a lot of butter on my bread.

or

No, I don't put a lot of butter on my bread.

Do we use our mouths for both eating and speaking? Yes, we use our mouths for both eating and speaking.

Can you speak both Chinese and Italian? No, I can't speak both Chinese and Italian, but I speak only Italian.

a lot dużo

Do you go to the cinema a lot? No, I go to the cinema a lot.

Do you read a lot? Yes, I read a lot.

Do you eat a lot? No, I don't eat a lot.

Does he eat a lot? No, he doesn't eat a lot.

if jeśli must musieć either ... or albo ... albo restaurant restauracja bar bar

Do you want anything to eat at the moment? No, I don't want anything to eat at the moment.

If she wants something to eat, where must she go? If she want something to eat she must go either home or to restaurant.

Do you want anything to drink at the moment? No, I don't want anything to drink at the moment.

If he wants something to drink, where must he go? If he wants something to drink, he must go either home or to a bar.

If you want to eat in a restaurant, about how much money must you have?

If I want to eat in a restaurant I must have about one hundred pounds.

If you want to hear people speaking Chinese, which country must you go to?

If I want to hear people speaking Chinese I must go to China.

DICTATION

The Present Simple / we use for an action / that we do generally. / For example, / I generally speak German. /

The word "do" / is an auxiliary verb / that means nothing / but which we use / in interrogative and negative sentences, /

but not in positive sentences. / For example, / Do you speak French? / Yes, I speak French. / Do you spaek Japanese? /

No, I do not speak Japanese. / She can speaks Chinese.

Lekcja 24

Ścieżka dźwiękowa do lekcji, wciśnij przycisk z prawej. Lesson 24

opposite na przeciwko

Who's sitting opposite you? Ms Ewa is sitting opposite me.

What can you see opposite this building?

I can see another building etc. opposite this building.

What's the opposite of the verb to teach? To learn is the opposite of the verb to teach.

What's the opposite of the world top? Bottom is the opposite of the world top.

work pracować rest odpoczywać most people większość ludzi

Do most people rest from Monday to Friday? No, most people don't rest from Monday to Friday, but they work.

Do you think most people like working? No, I don't think most people like working, but I think they dislike working.

Do you work on Sunday? Yes, I work on Sunday. or No, I don't work on Sunday.

glass szkło wood drewno

What's the window made of? The window's made of glass.

What's the table made of? The table's made of wood.

paper papier stone kamień

What's this book made of? This book's made of paper.

What's the wall of the house behind Mr and Mrs Brown made of?

The wall of the house behind Mr and Mrs Brown is made of stone.

enough dosyć, dość, wystarczająco

Do you speak English well? No, I don't speak English well, but I speak it well enough.

Are you tall enough to touch the ceiling? No, I'm not tall enough to touch the ceiling.

Are you short enough to stand under the table? No, I'm not short enough to stand under the table.

Is my pocket large enough to put this book into? No, your pocket isn't large enough to put that book into.

air powietrze battle bitwa church kościół deep głęboki

enter wejście that one tamten this one ten repeat potwórzyć

Instead of saying

"This pencil is black and that pencil is white",

we can say

"This pencil is black and that one is white",

without repeating the word "pencil".

What colour's this pencil? This pencil's black.

What colour's that one? That one's white.

Which pencil's red? This pencil's red.

Which one's grey? This one's grey.

Which book's open? This book's open.

Which one's closed? This one's closed.

badly źle, niedobrze

Can you hear well with your fingers in your ears? No, I can't hear well with my fingers in my ears, but I hear badly.

Do you see badly? Yes, I see badly. or No, I don't see badly, but I see well.

Does this pen write badly? No, this pen doesn't write badly, but it writes well.

Do you speak English badly? No, I don't speak English badly, but I speak it well.

plate talerz

What do we eat our food from? We eat our food from a plate.

cheaper than tańszy niż more expensive than droższy niż

Is your handkerchief more expensive than your shoes?

No, my handkerchief isn't more expensive than my shoes, but it's cheaper than my shoes.

Is a Rolls Royce cheaper than a Ford?

No, a Rolls Royce isn't cheaper than a Ford, but it's more expensive than a Ford.

Is your town a more expensive place than Paris?

No, my town isn't a more expensive places than Paris, but it's a cheaper place than Paris.

the cheapest najtańszy the most expensive najdroższy

Is the Fiat the most expensive car in this country?

No, the Fiat isn't the most expensive car in this country, but it's the cheapest car in this country.

What's the cheapest thing in this room? This pen is the cheapest thing in this room.

What's the most expensive thing you're wearing? My watch is the most expensive thing I'm wearing.

DICTATION

The difference / between "any" and "some" / is that we generally use "any" / in the interrogative and negative /

whilst we use "some" / in the positive. / "Any" is non-specific. / "How many" is specific. / The answer to which is "none", /

The Present Progressive / we use for an action / we are doing now. / For example, / I am speaking English now. /

About how many pages / are there in this book?

PRONUNCIATION CHART

i o er o

this no first front

it's coat third London

is don't her coming

city both person country

miss only word mother

in most verb some

difference prefer son

still turn money

difficult month

milk love

little

a a oo h miscellaneous

as all look home a: an

have fall book hat what

wall took head the book

call hear the eye

we're

answering

or

fifth

1. Sit on eat.

2. Oh, no, don't go so slow.

3. The third, the thirteenth and the thirty-third4. Send some money to London.

5. As I have none.

6. All walls fall.

7. Look at the book

8. Home, hat, head, hear.

Lekcja 22

Ścieżka dźwiękowa do lekcji, wciśnij przycisk z prawej. Lesson 22

begin zaczynać end kończyć last trwać how long jak długo

At what time does the lesson begin ? The lesson begins at 10 o'clock.

At what time does the lesson end ? The lesson end at ten to eleven.

How long does the lesson last ? The lesson lasts fifty minutes.

cheap tani expensive drogi Rolls Royce samochód Rolls Roys

Is this pen expensive ? No, this pen isn't expensive, but it's cheap.

Is a Rolls Roys cheap ? No, a Rolls Roys isn't cheap, but it's expensive.

Is my handkerchief expensive ? No, your handkerchief isn't expensive, but it's cheap.

few mało fewer mniej the fewest najmniej

This book has fewer pages than this book, whilst this book has fewer pages than this book.

This book has the fewest pages.

Of these three books has this book the most pages ?

No, of these three books that book hasn't the most pages, but it has the fewest pages.

Which person in your family reads the fewest books ?

My brother is the person in my family who reads the fewest books.

Of these three countries Germany, France and Greece has Greece the most people ?

No, of those three countries Greece hasn't the most people, but it has the fewest people.

building budynek

About how many rooms are there in this building ? There are about twenty rooms in this building.

Is this building high ? No, this building isn't high, but is low.

Is this building low ? No, this building isn't low, but is high.

inside wewnątrz outside na zewnątrz stomach żołądek

What part of the box is this ? It's the inside of the box.

What part of the box is this ? It's the outside of the box.

What can you see outside this window ? I can see a building etc. outside this window.

Are we sitting outside in the corridor ? No, we aren't sittig outside in the corridor, but we're sitting inside the classroom.

Is there any food inside our stomachs after eating ? Yes, there's some food inside our stomachs after eating.

a jakiś, pewien some kilku,kilka,trochę

The plural of a is some. For example:

I have a pen in my left hand. I have some pens in my right hand.

What's the plural of a ? The plural of a is some.

What's the plural of a book ? The plural of a book is some books.

What can you see in this classroom ? I can see some books, some pens a teacher a door, etc. in this classroom.

Have I a thumb on my left hand ? Yes, you've a thumb on your left hand.

Have I any fingers on my left hand ? Yes, you've some fingers on your left hand.

water woda wine wino milk mleko

Tell me the names of some drinks, please! The names of some drinks are water, wine and milk.

What colour's water ? Water has no colour.

Do you drink wine ? Yes, I drink wine. or No, I don't drink wine.

Which do you prefer milk or water ? I prefer water.

well dobrze

Can you hear well ? Yes, I can hear well.

Can you see well ? Yes, I can see well.

Can you speak Italian well ? Yes, I can speak Italian well.

flower kwiat

Do you like the smell of flowers ? Yes, I like the smell of flowers.

Have you any flowers at home ? Yes, I have some flowers at home.

whose czyj, czyja, czyje

Whose book's this ? It's your book.

Whose hand's that ? It's her hand.

Whose suits that ? It's Mr Brown's siut.

love lubić, kochać hate nienawidzieć

Do children generally love going to school ?

No, children don't generally love going to school, but they generally hate going to school.

Do children hate their mothers ? No, children don't hate their mothers, but they love their mothers.

Do you love eating bad food ? No, I don't love eating bad food, but generally I hate eating bad food.

Do you hate all food ? No, I don't hate all food, but some I hate and some I love.

Dictation 8

What is the meaning / of the word wrist ? / How many things / are there here? / Her hair / is on the head. / His chin, / mouth and nose / are on his face. / My eyes are blue. / The people of Scandinavia / are tall. / His askinkg us a question. /The name of her country / is Germany. / Who are you? / The contraction / of the verb to have /is I've, you've, he's, etc. / Have you any ears?/ Yes, two.

Lekcja 23

Ścieżka dźwiękowa do lekcji, wciśnij przycisk z prawej. Lesson 23

meal posiłek breakfast śniadanie lunch posiłek popołudniowy

dinner obiad a day dzień morning poranek, rano evening wieczór

People generally eat three meals a day, which we call breakfast, lunch and dinner. We generally have breakfast at about 8 o'clock in the morning, lunch at about 1 o'clock and dinner at about 8 o'clock in the evening.

Tell me the names of the three meals that people generally eat a day!

The names of the three meals that people generally eat a day are breakfast, lunch and dinner.

What time do you have your breakfast? I have my breakfast at 8 o'clock.

What time do you have your lunch? I have my lunch at 1 o'clock.

What time does your dinner begin? My dinner begin at 8 o'clock.

What time does your dinner end? My dinner ends at 9 o'clock.

How long does his/her dinner last? His/her dinner lasts 1 hour.

Jak długo trwa jego/jej obiad? Jego/jej obiad trwa 1 godzinę.

knife nóż fork widelec

What do we use to eat with? We use a knife and fork to eat with.

DLA RZECZY POLICZALNYCH

many wiele more .. than więcej niż the most najwięcej

few mało fewer .. than mniej niż the fewest najmniej

DLA RZECZY NIEPOLICZALNYCH

much wiele more .. than więcej niż the most najwięcej

little mało less .. than mniej niż the least najmniej

exception wyjątek quantity ilość singular pojedyńczy

Many and much have the same meaning, but we use many with things we can count. For example, we can count pens :

1 pen, 2 pens, 3 pens etc. We can count books, chairs etc. Generally the things we can count take an s in the plural.

People is an exception. It has no s, but we use many with it.

Much, on the other hand, we use with things we cannot count. For example, we cannot count water and sugar.

We cannot say one water, two waters, one sugar, two sugars etc. These things are a singular quantity and take no s.

Money is no exception: we can count money, but we do not say one money, two monies. We say one Pound, two Pound, one Franc, two Francs etc.

We say one bottle of water, two bottles of water, one kilo of sugar, two kilos of sugar.

What's the difference between many and much?

The difference between many and much is that we use many with things we can count and much with things we can't count.

Róznica pomiędzy many i much jest taka, że many używamy dla rzeczy, które można policzyć, a much dla rzeczy, których nie możemy policzyć.

Give me a sentence with many in it, please! There are many cars in a large city.

Give me a sentence with much in it ! I do not put much sugar in my tea.

Few and little also have the same meaning, but we use few with things we can count, and little with things we cannot count.

What's the difference between few and little ?

The difference between few and little is that we use few with things we can count and little with things we can't count.

Give me a sentence with few in it, please ! There are few tables in this school.

Give me a sentence with little in it ! I drink little milk.

many dużo, wiele few kilka, mało

Are there many pictures on these walls?

No, there aren't many pictures on these walls, but there are few picturas on these walls.

Are there few people in a large city?

No, there aren't few people in a large city, but there are many people in a large city.

much dużo, wiele little mało, niewiele

Do you drink much wine? No, I don't drink much wine, but I drink little wine.

Do you eat little bread? No, I don't eat little bread, but I eat much bread.

fewer .. than mniej niż (dla rzeczy policzalnych) less .. than mniej niż (dla rzeczy niepoliczalnych)

whisky whisky bank bank

The difference between fewer .. than and less .. than is that we use

fewer .. than with things we can count, and less .. than with things we cannot count.

For example, I have fewer thumbs than fingers. I drink less milk than water.

What's the difference between fewer .. than and less .. than? The difference between fewer .. than and less .. than is that we use fewer .. than with things we can count, and less .. than with things we can't count.

Give me a sentence with fewer .. than in it, please! There are fewer pictures in this room than chairs.

Give me a sentence with less .. than in it! I eat less food than my brother.

Are there more people in Europe than in Asia?

No, there aren't more people in Europe than in Asia, but there are fewer people in Europe than in Asia.

Have you more money than The Bank of England?

No, I don't have money than The Bank of England, but I've less money than The Bank of England.

Do you eat more meat than bread? No, I don't eat more meat than bread, but I eat less meat than bread.

the fewest najmniej (dla rzeczy policzalnych) the least najmniej (dla rzeczy niepoliczalnych)

salt sól that (= the one) ta, ten

The difference between the fewest and the least is the same as that between fewer .. than and less .. than.

The fewest we use with things we can count, whilst the least we use with things we cannot count.

For example. Of these three places London, Oxford and Greenwich, Greenwich has the fewest buildings.

Of these three people Mr Brown, Mr Smith and Mr Jones, Mr Jones drinks the least coffee.

What's the difference between the fewest and the least? The difference between the fewest and the least is that we use the fewest with things we can count, whilst we use the least with things we can't count.

Give me a sentence with the fewest in it, please! In my family my brother is the one who reads the fewest books.

Give me a sentence with the least in it! In my family my sister is the one who eats the least bread.

Of these three books has this book the most pages?

No, of these three books, this book hasn't the most pages, but it has the fewest pages.

Who eats the least food in your family? My brother eats the least food in my family.

Who drinks the least coffee in your family? My sister drinks the least coffee in my family.

Of these three foods: bread, meat and salt do you eat salt the most?

No, of those three foods, bread, meat and salt I don't eat salt the most, but I eat it the least.

Of these three drinks, water, milk and wine do you drink wine the most ?

No, of those three drinks, water, milk and wine I don't drink wine the most, but I drink it the least.

Lekcja 21

Ścieżka dźwiękowa do lekcji, wciśnij przycisk z prawej. Lesson 21

the most najwięcej

Of these three books, which book has the most pages?

Of these three books, this book has the most pages.

Which city in this country has the most people? London is the city in this country which has the most people.

Which person in your family reads the most books? My brother is the person in my family who reads the most books.

Which school in this town has the most pupils? Peterborough College is the school in this town which has the most pupils.

beautiful piękny ugly brzydki

Do you think Paris is an ugly city? No, I don't think Paris is an ugly city, but I think it's a beautiful city.

Do you think Park Peterborough is a beautiful place?

No, I don't think Park Peterborough is a beautiful place, but I think it's an ugly place.

Do you think Sophia Loren is ugly? No, I don't think Sophia Loren is ugly, but I think she's beautiful.

Which do you think's the most beautiful place in this country? I think Cornwall is the most beautiful place in this country.

eat jeść eat - ate - eaten

What am I doing? You're eating.

Do you eat all food? No, I don't I eat all food, but some I eat and some I don't eat.

Do you eat bread without butter? Yes, I eat bread without butter. or No, I don't eat bread without butter.

What do we eat with? We eat with our mouths.

drink pić drink - drank - drunk

What am I doing? You're drinking.

Do you drink tea? Yes, I drink tea. Yes, I do. or No, I don't drink tea. No, I don't.

Can we drink meat? No, we can't drink meat, but we eat meat.

metal metal gold złoto silver srebro steel stal iron żelazo

Tell me the names of four metals, please! The names of four metals are gold, silver, steel and iron.

made of zrobiony z key klucz

What's my watch made of ? Your watch is made of steel and gold.

What's a key generally made of ? A key's generally made of steel.

Are you wearing anything made of silver ? Yes, I'm wearing something made of silver.

What does the word iron mean ? The word iron means ferro (żelazo).

cost kosztować

How much do you think this pen costs ? I think this pen costs about two thousand lires (dawniej włoska waluta).

Do your shoes cost more than your handkerchief ? Yes, my shoes cost more than my handkerchief.

How much does the cinema cost in this town ? The cinema costs about nine pounds in my town Peterborough.

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday

poniedziałek wtorek środa czwartek piątek sobota niedziela

Tell me the names of the days of the week, please !

The names of the days of the week are Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday.

today dzisiaj yesterday wczoraj tomorrow jutro was był will be będzie to be być

What's today ? Today's Wednesday.

What was yesterday ? Yesterday was Tuesday.

What will tomorrow be ? Tomorrow will be Thursday.

What will the day after tomorrow be ? The day after tomorrow will be Friday.

What was the day before yesterday ? The day before yesterday was Monday.

want chcieć at the moment w tym momencie

Do you want to break your pen ? No, I don't want to break my pen.

Do you want to break the window ? No, I don't want to break the window.

Do you want anything to eat at the moment ? No, I don't want anything to eat at the moment.

Do you want anything to drink at the moment ? No, I don't want anything to drink at the moment.

Przelewy PL UK